Sector Specialist Or A Generalist Business Broker To Sell A Business?
What is sector specialisation?
There are 1000+ business brokers, business transfer agents, corporate finance firms and other agencies in the UK helping business owners sell their businesses. In fact, there is so much buying / selling of businesses in the UK that many of these agencies / intermediaries have specialised in a particular industry or sector.
For example, there are over 200 brokers in the UK who sell just hotels and restaurants, there are over two dozen that take on just accountancy practices and there are dozens of brokers / intermediaries who focus on the sale of just estate agency businesses!
To give you an idea of the choices, let's take an example of a dental practice.
If you want to sell a dental practice you could go directly to firms that buy dental practices - firms such as BUPA and Rodericks, though that would be extremely foolish as savvy business owners realise they need an expert to attract multiple buyers and build competitive tension. So they turn to generalists like Christie's (a large national firm of business brokers who have a department dealing with the sale of just dental surgeries), or they go to one of the specialist firms ... and there are many of them.
For example, Crowley, Dental Elite, Frank Taylor, HL Dental, Lily Head, MediEstates, Strictly ConfiDental, IDH Group, PFM Dental, Flame , Oswald Browne and others focus on the sale of just dental practices. Some of these specialists are brokers, others aren't. Goodman Grant, Ison Harrison and others are legal firms - not brokers - but they also specialise in the sale of just dental practices!
Whatever industry or sector your business is in there are probably numerous firms that specialise in businesses just like yours. But you'll never be able to find them using tools like Google! (That's why we put together the UK's largest database and knowledge base of business brokers and related firms and created our broker matching service.)
Just like brokers who sell just dentist practices, there are brokers who specialise in other sectors such as
- education (day nurseries, academies, Pupil Referral Units etc);
- online businesses (websites, Amazon / eBay merchants, apps etc);
- retail (high street shops);
- beauty and fashion (including hair salons);
- TMT (Technology, Media, Telecoms);
- B2B services (office cleaning, consultancies etc);
- construction (including facilities management, building maintenance etc);
- ONG (Oil & Natural Gas);
- financial services (payroll companies, mortgage brokers, etc);
... and the list goes on.
Within each area of specialisation there are brokers who have super specialisations. For example, among brokers selling businesses in the education sector there are some who specialise in just language schools; among specialists in the recruitment sector there are several brokers who deal only in recruitment companies supplying staff to the construction industry!
Pros and cons of using a sector specialist
There are numerous advantages to using a sector specialist. For one, they know what buyers in the industry are looking for and can advise you on what you need to change in your business to make it more attractive to these buyers.
Secondly, they know the buyer objections and hurdles i.e. they know what excuses (and tactics) buyers in your industry use to negotiate the price down. These excuses and tactics vary widely from industry to industry and it helps to have a broker on your side who knows the games buyers in your industry play.
The typical buyer is a well funded firm (or individual) and they tend to have a lot of expert advice on tap. The information gap between buyers and sellers is absolutely mind boggling and it puts sellers at a severe disadvantage. Having a sector specialist broker on your side evens the odds.
Sector specialist brokers have high quality buyer lists. Here's how: For every business the broker has put on the market in the past he has had several buyers express interest but who did not go on to be the winning bidders. Brokers collect these names and a sector specialist will typically have a lot of names of buyers looking for businesses specifically in your sector. (Bear in mind that such focused buyers tend to be strategic buyers who can afford to pay and can justify a higher price.)
Having a high quality list has other benefits. It helps with confidentiality as the broker does not need to do a lot of marketing of the opportunity and can contact buyers directly instead. It also reduces the time to deal completion as there's no marketing delay waiting for prospective buyers to find the ad and get in touch.
The downside to sector specialisation is that there can sometimes be a cosy relationship between broker and buyer/s. You need to protect against this (and we advise our clients on how to protect themselves against broker bias and conflict of interest).
So which one is right for YOU?
Many business brokers and other intermediaries have advice on their sites telling you whether you should use a sector specialist or not.
Unsurprisingly, brokers who are generalists, or "sector agnostic" to use the industry terminology, argue that selling a business is selling a business and that sector knowledge is not critical and, in fact, that sector specialists might have too cosy a relationship with buyers.
Similarly, brokers who are sector specialists wax lyrical about why you shouldn't use a generalist!
My opinion: In most cases, not all, in makes sense to use a sector specialist. But you need to take a few precautions to protect against the caveats mentioned in the previous section.
How to find a sector specialist to sell your business?
It's amazing just how many sector specialists there are in the UK. For example, there are over 20 intermediary firms in the UK who sell just accountancy practices!
There are over 50 firms specialising in the sale of technology ("TMT") businesses - firms like Strata Partners, Sett & Lucas, SI Partners, GP Bullhound etc - huge names, but names that most people would never have come across! And there are dozens of smaller firms that may even take on clients who have a turnover as low as £2m.
That's not to mention large firms that have different departments within the broker firm handling different sectors, each with its own sector specialists. Names like Results International, Lincoln International, Duff & Phelps, Houlihan Lokey, Liberum Capital, Peel Hunt, Alantra, Canaccord Genuity, Zaoui, RSM, Numis Securities and dozens of others (some good, some not so good)!
You may not have heard for any of the above names, but they sell billions of pounds of businesses more than the likes of KBS (Knightsbridge), Intelligent, Blacks, Turner Butler, RTA etc who most business owners find in places like Google!
Whatever your sector, there are lots of big names out there that can possibly get you a much better price than any generalist (sector agnostic) broker might be able to get.
We have an article on how to find a broker, but the only comprehensive database of broker specialisations is the one we've built and use (to provide paid broker matching assistance). Our database and knowledge base is the only one of its kind in the UK and includes everything you need to know about UK professionals and firms handling the sale of businesses.
We track not just sector specialisations but also fees and fee structures; geographical coverage; typical size of business each broker handles; staffing levels; qualifications, certifications and regulatory approvals; client feedback ... and much more.
Get in touch if you wish assistance with finding a specialist broker for your business and with having us negotiate the price and terms for you.
- Main Sectors
- sub sectors
A full list of UK sectors can be found at Companies House.
Some of the broad industry sectors are:
Agriculture (see also Agribusiness)
Electrical power industry
Financial services industry
Health care industry
Pulp and paper industry
World Wide Web
Direct Selling industry
Note: Many businesses don't fall squarely in a particular sector, they straddle multiple sectors. Contact us for advice on finding the right broker for such businesses.
Note also that when looking for an intermediary in a particular sector, intermediaries go by many names including Corporate Finance Consultants, Business Transfer Agents, M&A Advisers, M&A Advisory Boutiques, ECM (Equity Capital Markets) Advisers, Commercial Real Estate Agents, Exit Planners, Corporate Strategy Advisers etc.
Aerospace, Defense Contractors
Agricultural Services & Products
Alternative Energy Production & Services
Auto Dealers, Japanese
Banks, Savings & Loans
Bars & Restaurants
Beer, Wine & Liquor
Books, Magazines & Newspapers
Building Materials & Equipment
Building Trade Unions
Cable & Satellite TV Production & Distribution
Car Dealers, Imports
Casinos / Gambling
Cattle / Livestock
Chemical & Related Manufacturing
Clergy & Religious Organizations
Colleges, Universities & Schools
Commercial TV & Radio Stations
Communications / Electronics
Crop Production & Basic Processing
Cruise Ships & Lines
Defence / Foreign Policy Advocates
Doctors & Other Health Professionals
Electronics Manufacturing & Equipment
Electronics, Defense Contractors
Energy & Natural Resources
Finance / Credit Companies
Finance, Insurance & Real Estate
Food & Beverage
Food Processing & Sales
Food Products Manufacturing
Foreign & Defense Policy
Forestry & Forest Products
Foundations, Philanthropists & Non-Profits
Gambling & Casinos
Garbage Collection/Waste Management
Gas & Oil
Gay & Lesbian Rights & Issues
Government Employee Unions
Hospitals & Nursing Homes
Hotels, B&B & Tourism
Ideological / Single-Issue
Lawyers / Law Firms
Liquor, Wine & Beer
Lodging / Tourism
Logging, Timber & Paper Mills
Meat processing & products
Misc Manufacturing & Distributing
Mortgage Bankers & Brokers
Motion Picture Production & Distribution
Natural Gas Pipelines
Newspaper, Magazine & Book Publishing
Non-profits, Foundations & Philanthropists
Nutritional & Dietary Supplements
Oil & Gas
Pharmaceuticals / Health Products
Physicians & Other Health Professionals
Poultry & Eggs
Printing & Publishing
Private Equity & Investment Firms
Professional Sports, Sports Arenas & Related Equipment & Services
Public Sector Unions
Publishing & Printing
Record Companies / Singers
Recorded Music & Music Production
Recreation / Live Entertainment
Religious Organizations/ Clergy
Restaurants & Drinking Establishments
Savings & Loans
Schools / Education
Securities & Investment
Solicitors / Legal Services
Special Trade Contractors
Stock Brokers / Investment Industry
Sugar Cane & Sugar Beets
Teaching / Education
Telecom Services & Equipment
Timber, Logging & Paper Mills
Trash Collection/Waste Management
TV / Movies / Music
Universities, Colleges & Schools
Vegetables & Fruits
Wine, Beer & Liquor